Originally, the term "rock garden" meant a botanical collection of alpine plants. Today the rock garden is called a fragment of the landscape – rock garden, rock garden, rocky hill, flat rockeries. Alpine Slide widespread in the late xix – early xx century. Her appointment – a demonstration of the alpine flora of the highlands. Center of the rock garden is a massive stone symbolizing the mountain peak. Rock garden can be seen in suburban residential and suburban areas of six hundred parts. Importantly, to alpine garden in a small area does not look too bulky. On a small plot of land to build a better compact mound or flat Rocard, and in rear of a large land plot will look good solid rock garden size.

Developing Landscaping area, it must be remembered that a rock garden in addition to slides includes adjacent areas. Its dimensions directly depend on the size of the land allotment. It is very important to alpine garden organically fit into the surrounding landscape and not look like an ordinary loose stones. Construction begins with a rock garden layout plot. Pit formed after the removal of topsoil, fill with broken bricks, expanded clay, gravel. Basis for the high rock garden created out of barren soil.

Earth poured in layers, layers of compacted and shipped water to identify voids. Basic requirements for the material used – uniformity, durability, and harmlessness. stone is valued much lower than smoothed by wind and water, covered with lichen and moss. Traditional stone Russian hills – granite, basalt, sandstone, limestone. Size and number of stones selected on the basis of the overall design of the composition. Large boulders partially absorbed in the soil, and small set directly on the ground. Composition, as a rule, are an odd number of stones. In the construction of rock garden use and related materials ": large and small gravel, granite pellets, sand, peat, pine needles, pine nut shell, shredded bark. Designers offer a variety of design options alpine slides: "hillside", "Mountain Valley", "gorge", "talus", "Alpine meadow", "rocky ledges. Botanical rock garden foundation Ground covers are perennial, low growing trees and shrubs, grasses, ferns, bulbs. Ornamental onion, crocus, Galanthus, stsila, species tulips adorn the gardens in the spring, dropping their leaves in early summer. Replaced they come ferns – Kostenets, puzyrnik, Woods, , mnogoryadnik. Well with the stone ground cover perennials that grow "pillows": Phlox subulate, bellflower, Arabis, cloves , grains, thyme. Rocky hill can be supplemented by plants that do not form a ground cover: tall, pechenochnitsa, Adonis, iris, anemone, primrose, sleep-grass, some types of orchids. Large-plant is well look at the big hill near the pond. An important element of rock garden – low-growing shrubs, which tend to grow at the foot of hills or at the bottom of the slope. If the plants are properly selected and planted, they are very quickly adapt to the new location, and some of them will bloom the same season.

Such Equipment

After each application of fertilizer shrubs need watering. * Watering is much better to water less frequently but for longer. Typically, plant roots penetrate deeply, and that the water came up to H, we must give it long enough. This moisture deeper soil layers will be enough plants for a long time. Frequent, but short watering moistens only the top layer of soil, which dries quickly, and water to the roots does not reach. A good solution is to use the hose for capillary watering. Such Equipment can be purchased entirely in gardening shops and firms dealing with irrigation, or you can use a garden hose, in which we must make small holes every 30-40 cm, and the end of the cork.

This hose can remain on the surface, and being disguised in a special recess. Slow and regular moisture enough to carry out once a week for several hours, which will provide the optimal watering. * Wintering Winter hardiness of plants depends on many factors, so the zoning on frost resistance of plants should be taken as indicative information. Within each zone may be Areas with microclimate milder or more severe relative to the average in the area. Also within the garden plants growing near a house in a safe place to suffer low temperatures better than the plants on the south or eastern side of the house exposed to strong winds. It should be remembered that the plants are the most frost in early winter (December, early January), and as we approach the spring of frost decreases (lose quenching). Even very resistant to frost the plant, after the vegitatsionnogo period and development of leaves, may suffer from even a small cold (eg actinides).

The biggest threat to damage frost appears in the February-March in locations with strong solar activity, when, after a frosty night, the plants exposed to heat and can not withstand the temperature jump. This is particularly dangerous for the evergreens. Shelter such plants vozduhopropuskayuschim material or branches of conifers can provide an adequate defense. Young plants are always more sensitive to frost than older who have a deep root system. Therefore, the young plants in the first years of life (2-4 years) in need of special care shelter. Different parts of the plant in different ways relate to frost. Roots in more than ten degrees more sensitive to frost than oderevesnevshie shoots. In areas where there are severe frosts with little snow cover, you can create a layer of insulation, mulching the soil around the plant, such as bark. In this case, the base of plants sprinkled on the height of 10-15 cm, which allows you to keep the lower part of shoots from dormant buds from which the plant can recover, even if all die above ground. At the same time, mulch around the plants is very useful in summer, because delays moisture in the soil and reduces the appearance of weeds.