Originally, the term "rock garden" meant a botanical collection of alpine plants. Today the rock garden is called a fragment of the landscape – rock garden, rock garden, rocky hill, flat rockeries. Alpine Slide widespread in the late xix – early xx century. Her appointment – a demonstration of the alpine flora of the highlands. Center of the rock garden is a massive stone symbolizing the mountain peak. Rock garden can be seen in suburban residential and suburban areas of six hundred parts. Importantly, to alpine garden in a small area does not look too bulky. On a small plot of land to build a better compact mound or flat Rocard, and in rear of a large land plot will look good solid rock garden size.
Developing Landscaping area, it must be remembered that a rock garden in addition to slides includes adjacent areas. Its dimensions directly depend on the size of the land allotment. It is very important to alpine garden organically fit into the surrounding landscape and not look like an ordinary loose stones. Construction begins with a rock garden layout plot. Pit formed after the removal of topsoil, fill with broken bricks, expanded clay, gravel. Basis for the high rock garden created out of barren soil.
Earth poured in layers, layers of compacted and shipped water to identify voids. Basic requirements for the material used – uniformity, durability, and harmlessness. stone is valued much lower than smoothed by wind and water, covered with lichen and moss. Traditional stone Russian hills – granite, basalt, sandstone, limestone. Size and number of stones selected on the basis of the overall design of the composition. Large boulders partially absorbed in the soil, and small set directly on the ground. Composition, as a rule, are an odd number of stones. In the construction of rock garden use and related materials ": large and small gravel, granite pellets, sand, peat, pine needles, pine nut shell, shredded bark. Designers offer a variety of design options alpine slides: "hillside", "Mountain Valley", "gorge", "talus", "Alpine meadow", "rocky ledges. Botanical rock garden foundation Ground covers are perennial, low growing trees and shrubs, grasses, ferns, bulbs. Ornamental onion, crocus, Galanthus, stsila, species tulips adorn the gardens in the spring, dropping their leaves in early summer. Replaced they come ferns – Kostenets, puzyrnik, Woods, , mnogoryadnik. Well with the stone ground cover perennials that grow "pillows": Phlox subulate, bellflower, Arabis, cloves , grains, thyme. Rocky hill can be supplemented by plants that do not form a ground cover: tall, pechenochnitsa, Adonis, iris, anemone, primrose, sleep-grass, some types of orchids. Large-plant is well look at the big hill near the pond. An important element of rock garden – low-growing shrubs, which tend to grow at the foot of hills or at the bottom of the slope. If the plants are properly selected and planted, they are very quickly adapt to the new location, and some of them will bloom the same season.